Section A: Fundamentals of accounting (60 Marks)

Objective: To develop conceptual understanding of the fundamentals of financial accounting system.


  1. Theoretical Framework:- Meaning and scope of accounting, Accounting Concepts, Principles and Conventions, Accounting Policies, Accounting as a measurement discipline- valuation principles, accounting estimates.
  2. Accounting Process: – Books of account leading to the preparation of trial balance, capital and revenue expenditures, capital and revenue receipts, contingent assets and contingent liabilities, fundamental errors including rectifications thereof.
  3. Bank Reconciliation Statement.
  4. Inventories: – Basis of inventory valuation and record keeping.
  5. Depreciation Accounting: – Methods, computation and accounting treatment of depreciation, change in depreciation methods.
  6. Preparation of Final Accounts for Sole Proprietors.
  7. Accounting for special transactions: – Consignments, Joint ventures, Bills of exchange and promissory notes, Sale of goods on approval or return basis.
  8. Partnership Accounts: – Final accounts of partnership firms- Basic concepts of admission, retirement and death of a partner include treatment of goodwill.
  9. Introduction of Company Accounts: – Issue of shares and debentures, forfeiture of shares, re-issue of forfeited shares, redemption of preference shares.